Combining physical objects into one
The most basic way students can add up. This involves combining two sets of objects and counting the total number. For example, you could build two towers of cubes and count up each block. This method is too complicated for many students, especially those with attention deficit disorder. If your child cannot focus for the entire activity, they will make mistakes, create towers, or mix up blocks and end up with the wrong answer. Because the process is so long, if your child doesn’t grasp the concept quickly, they won’t be able to move on. It is also difficult to translate this process into mental calculations. For example, imagine two large sets and count them together. This is almost impossible even for adults.
Jottings offer a better alternative to the above process. On a piece of paper, write the addition problem. Next to the first number, write down the required number of tallies. For example, 4 tallies for number 4. Ask your student to estimate how many tallies they will need to draw for each number in the problem. Ask them to draw the tallies once they have the right answer. Ask them how many tallies they have drawn together. This is a simpler way to bring together two groups. It is also less likely to be subjected to mechanical error and is better suited for students with poor focus. This encourages children to connect the written sum and the reason they draw a certain number.
This technique is based on your child’s ability to name numbers. Once your child can count to five, you can ask them questions such as “What number is 1 more than …”?” What happens after 2 when we count? This is equivalent to solving the addiction problem type 2+1. It also helps to connect the concepts of addition and counting, which is extremely powerful. This will help your child become more comfortable using number squares, and give them confidence in solving problems. You can make the method more challenging by asking your child, “What number is 2 more …”?” Once they can answer such questions confidently, you can show them the question and explain that it is the same problem as the one you were solving before. This will allow the child to see that addition and counting are fundamentally connected and can solve this problem as they have done before.
This activity can serve as a learning experience and a fun pastime. Children will be motivated to count by games that require them to move a counter around a board. The number on the board will help the child see the similarities between counting aloud and using a number line. Keep in mind the connection between board games and addition.
Learn number facts
Rely on number facts that we have learned by heart to solve addition problems. We don’t have to know the answer to 7 or 10, we just need to remember it. Simple math tasks can be made easier by being able to recall addition facts. Sing nursery songs about number to improve your student’s understanding of the known number bonds. Play the game of matching pairs together with your student. The goal of the game is to identify the location of the question (7+8) and then find the answer from a set cards. Make a set flashcards with simple addition facts. Then, turn each card over to the student and ask them for the answer. Once they feel confident, you can increase the number of facts. You will help your child to see addition as boring and build their confidence.