The Frayer Model was created to aid students in learning the meaning of vocabulary words. The vocabulary word’s definition, picture, or characteristic is placed at the centre of the page. Non-example and example surround the word in separate boxes. This allows students to see the word they are trying to learn visually.
The Frayer Model: Uses
The Frayer Model can be useful for any child who needs a visual aid to learn new material. Any student can use this model. However, graphic organizers are useful for English Language Learners students who need explicit examples and images to learn new words. The Frayer Model also provides visuals that students can use with limited vocabulary, reading skills, and special needs. To help students master lesson activities and understand complex vocabulary in your classroom, they can learn content-specific terminology.
The Frayer Model’s applications apply across content areas and not just to English Language Arts.
Frayer Model can be used in math classes to help with equations such as “the area of a triangle is ….”
The Frayer Model can describe important historical events or dates in history classes. A Frayer Model can be used to describe the civil war. It allows you to identify key points and compare the civil war with other wars within the “non-example” space.
The Frayer Model can be used in science classes to help with definitions such as “what is mitosis?” and biological systems or cycles. Students can use the Frayer Model to help them visualize how it looks, give an example and explain what the water cycle is NOT.
How to implement the Frayer Model?
Students who need to learn critical vocabulary in order to succeed academically in their subject area classrooms can use the Frayer Model. The Frayer Model is not used to define common words such as “pool” and “house”, unless you’re working with English Language Learners who need help learning common words. However, vocabulary words, concepts and topics should be chosen in other classroom settings. You can give students printed copies or handwritten Frayer Models. Students will be able to review their Frayer Models and then practice them in the future. This will help deepen their understanding.
Once you have selected the key concepts and vocabulary for the lesson, you can show students how to complete it. Students will work on their own. You may allow students to work together or in groups, depending on the lesson focus. Encourage students to discuss their ideas with their classmates or the entire class. This encourages discussion and expands individual ideas.
Students will use the Frayer Model more often, so you may ask them to keep a copy of their completed documents for reference. Students should review key vocabulary every week as part of their regular study routine. This will help them to become familiar with the concepts and words. You can later pair your studying with a card system to reinforce good study habits and to require students to practice the content before taking an assessment.