Architecture is the study of planning and designing a building and to study the feasibility to do so.
Architecture is a discipline which has been practiced from ancient times. We have heard about ancient
architectural styles of the Cholas, Cheras, Pandias, Mughals, Babylonians, Romans, Victorain etc and
now a days we constantly hear about skyscrapers being built, eco-friendly construction being made,
townships built at places where it was previously impossible to do so, and many different styles of
Architecture does not only involve building houses and palaces but many
constructions like hospitals, industrial units, residences, commercial complexes, schools, airports etc.
This involves a proper feasibility study, planning, procurement, design, cost management, continuous
monitoring and constant quality check by the architect. An architect also needs to be practical as he/she
has to know whether the project is actually possible within the costs stipulated for the same. Thus
architecture is a multi-disciplinary discipline which involves combining various skills and striking a fine
balance between practicality and feasibility.
Who can study architecture: A student who has completed 10+2 years of formal education can pursue a
course in architecture and he/she needs to have opted for maths, physics and chemistry at the higher
secondary school level(XII std).
Architecture courses are provided at the graduation level itself and on
completion of 12th standard, the Council of Architecture conducts an all India entrance test based on
which admission into various engineering colleges for the B.Arch program are offered after a personal
The duration for completing this course is five years. Post-graduate programs in
architecture are also provided by many institutions which range for a duration of upto two years.
A person opting for architecture as a career needs to have an analytical mind and be good at
mathematics and physics.
One needs to be good at designing too as various plans need to be drawn
and with information technology creeping into all walks of life, students must also be good with computer
and computer design. An observant mind which can take into consideration the various economic and
social factors also is required.
Apart from that, architects deal with various legal procedures and
documentation and take advice from a legal professional for various matters. Responsibility and
accountability go hand in hand in this profession and with hard work and commitment, one can become
established in his field.
Career Opportunities and Institutions: Career opportunities are immense in this field in both the
government and private sectors. Through various examinations conducted each year, candidates are
selected for filling government vacancies. Opportunities are also available in the private sector in
consultancy companies, huge architect firms, in universities, in real estate development firms and
industrial ventures. A candidate after gaining experience can also start-up his/her own practice.